The community of African Benedictines of Hanga was founded in 1957 in the South-Eastern part of Tanzania. It is the first Benedictine community of Africa which draws its members exclusively from local vocations. From the very beginning the Hanga monks asked themselves which kind of mission is entrusted to them in Tanzania? Or more concrete: in which way their social, cultural and political situation enters into their monastic life? An important discovery was the fact that missionary vocation can’t be dissociated from monastic life. On the contrary: monasticism which is deeply rooted and “incarnated” in the local culture can immensely contribute in spreading the light of the Gospel.